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mixing concrete with sea water chirag construction rmc

Vol. 5, Issue 9, September 2016 Relevance of Sea

possibility of sea water as mixing water in concrete will be an innovative one. If use of sea water as mixing water is permitted, it will be more convenient, economical in the construction field, especially in coastal region. One of the

Effect of Seawater as Mixing Water on the Mechanical

the mechanical properties of mortar and concrete. In addition, strength of mortar and concrete increase when using seawater as mixing water. Keywords— seawater, mechanical properties, non-structural concrete I. INTRODUCTION Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago, with over 7.9 million square kilometers of sea and more than 17,000 islands.


the effect of mixing and curing of sea water on durability of concrete, it still remains an area requiring further study and research for the use of structural concrete in marine environment. 1.2 SEA WATER Sea water has a total salinity of about 3.5% (78% of the dissolved solids being NaCl and 15% MgCl 2 and MgSO 4)[3],

it is good mixing concrete with sea water or brackish water

Jul 15, 2008 · we do not use sea-water to mix with concrete, especially when we are talking of reinforced concrete -meaning: there will be reinforcement steel bars required to be embedded in the concrete. it is...

Water in Concrete

Apr 23, 2014 · Water content is the single most important factor affecting workability or the ease of mixing and placing concrete.

Concrete Exposed to Seawater – Effects and Preventions

Prepare rich concrete with low water cement ratio which makes the concrete impervious. Then the pores in concrete are very small and they cannot hold seawater results in the prevention of expansion by freezing of water and crystallization of salt in the pores. The concrete is of low water cement ratio.

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Quikrete 90 lb. Concrete Mix-110190

Quikrete 90 lb. Concrete Mix can be used for building or repairing foundation walls, sidewalks, curbs, steps and ramps and for setting posts. This mix designed for pouring concrete 2 in. thick or more. Quikrete 90 lb. Concrete Mix consists of a uniformly blended, properly proportioned mixture of gravel, sand and Portland cement.

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How to Mix Cement: 11 Steps (with Pictures)

2020/4/14 · How to Mix Cement. Whenever a project calls for a hard, permanent binding material, most professional and independent builders use cement. Before using cement, you need to mix it with sand and stone. While this process can seem...

TECHNICAL PAPER Effect of seawater for mixing

TECHNICAL PAPER Effect of seawater for mixing and curing on structural concrete Falah M. Wegian* Department of Civil Engineering, College of Technological Studies (PAAET), 42325 Shuwaikh, 70654 Kuwait (Received 6 August

Comparative Study of Effect of Salt Water and Fresh Water on

“potable water mixing and sea water curing” and “mixing and curing by sea water”. There is an increase in 7 days Split tensile strength of concrete for “Potable water mixing and sea water curing” in M30 and M35 Olutoge, F. Adeyemi (11) In 2014 suggested that It was observed that concrete cast and cured with seawater

Mixing and Transporting Concrete

concrete, a longer mixing time is required. 3.0 Transporting Concrete. Transporting the concrete mix is defined as the transferring of concrete from the mixing plant to the construction site. Keep in mind that not all concrete is mixed on the actual construction site and could require some significant travel.

Steel corrosion in Concrete mixed with seawater

Finally the lifetime of concrete mixed with seawater was quantitatively estimated, with comparison to normal concrete. The authors are in the position that seawater must be used and we, concrete researchers, should examine the way to enable a safe use of seawater as mixing water (and curing water).

(PDF) The Effect of Sea Water on Compressive Strength of Concrete

The Effect of Sea Water on Compressive Strength of Concrete. ... The fly ash was added at 5% in the concrete mix and with addition to this mix, sea water replaced the conventional one in the mix ...

Mixing of Sea Water with Calcium Carbonate Ground Water

The calculations include data on (1) mixtures of surface sea water (pH 8.15) with solutions in equilibrium with calcite at CO 2 partial pressures from 10 −4 to 1.0 atm at 5°, 15°, 25°, and 35° C; (2) mixtures of surface sea water with solutions twofold saturated with calcite; and (3) mixing of actual saline water and fresh carbonate ...

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TECHNICAL PAPER Effect of seawater for mixing and curing on

In this article, the effects of mixing and curing concrete with seawater on the compressive, tensile, flexural and bond strengths of concrete are investigated. Concrete mixes were prepared by varying coarse aggregates, cement proportions and types. Six groups of concrete mixes were mixed and cured in fresh water, six groups were mixed and

Sea Water in Concrete Mix

1976/04/01 · Is it true that sea water should not be used in mixing concrete? We have heard conflicting reports. Any water that contains chloride is potentially corrosive to reinforcing steel. The action on the steel is sometimes long ...

Concrete Mix Ratio and How to Mix Concrete Including a Handy DIY Concrete

Mixing Concrete - Let DIY Doctor show you how to mix concrete with this Project and Video Tutorial. Explains what sand to cement ratio you need for your Concrete Project. Find out how much cement and aggregate you need to buy using our concrete calculator. A

Salt Water Corrosion Effects on Concrete

Of course sea walls are corroded by much more than salt, such as sand and gravel kicked up and splashed against the concrete. Salt water itself contains magnesium chloride, sulfate ions and hydrogen carbonation ions that will essentially attack concrete to a certain degree, but what really starts to corrode in a concrete structure is any of the ...

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Measuring Water in Concrete| Concrete Construction Magazine

Joe Nasvik This concrete looks like the amount of water in the mix may be excessive but adding high-range water-reducing admixtures will produce the same look. Knowing the w/c ratio, or the total water in the mix, is the only way to know for sure.

Prompt Cement and Sea Water

2. With a concrete mixer. A mixer can be used for larger quantities either by:- (a) Slowing the set of PROMPT by adding up to 11% O.P.C. do not exceed 11% if protection from sea-water is required.Or (b) Retarding the set of PROMPT by adding up to 1% Citric Acid, usually to the water before mixing.

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testing pH of Concrete

mixing water for concrete 6 to 9 Sea water 7.5 to 8.4 Hardened cement paste with ingress of sea water 12.0 range of phenolphthalein solution (colorless to red) 8 to 10 Class f fly ash >13.2 Silica fume slurry (equal mass of water & silica fume) 5.5 reduction in pH due to 10% silica fume 0.5 reduction in pH due to 20% silica fume 1.0

The Ancient Romans' Concrete Recipe Could Help Us Beat Back

Jul 05, 2017 · It turns out the ancient Romans had the perfect recipe for water-resistant concrete. The ... "As soon as it comes into contact with the waves of the sea and is submerged becomes a single stone ...

Mixing Fiber Reinforced Concrete

Keep in mind when mixing fiber reinforced concrete that grey cement based concrete mixes will have lower water requirements than white cement based products. Both the CHENG D-FRC and Surecrete Xtreme Series mixes will experience a false set between 5 and 10 minutes after the initial mix. When this occurs, simply blend it again with the paddle ...